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Mürettebat 2468, 565'inci Bombardıman Filosu

Mürettebat 2468, 565'inci Bombardıman Filosu


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Mürettebat 2468, 565'inci Bombardıman Filosu

Bu resim, 565. Bombardıman Filosu'nun 2468. Mürettebatını göstermektedir. Mürettebat, 13 Haziran 1944'te Berlin'e yapılan bir baskın sırasında kayboldu.

Bize bu resmi sağladığı için Phil Smith'e çok teşekkürler.


Marvin Mosco

Aşağıdaki bilgiler, Eylemde Kayıp olarak sınıflandırılan bir askere ilişkindir.

Marvin Mosco
Rütbe: Birinci Teğmen
Servis Numarası: O-734818
Eksik Tarih: 18.11.1943
Birim: 565. Bombardıman Filosu 389. Bombardıman Grubu (Ağır)
Hizmet Şubesi: ABD Ordusu Hava Kuvvetleri
Duvarda/Tablette Listeleniyor: Cambridge Amerikan Mezarlığı
Yerinde Rozet:

MACR: 2885
MACR:
Klima Tipi:
Klima Seri:

Kurtarılabilirlik Durumu: Muhtemelen Kurtarılabilir
Sonraki Adımlar: Klima en son 58 50N 10 45E'de görüldü. Herhangi bir kalıntının kurtarılıp kurtarılmadığını belirlemek için IDPF'leri isteyin. Karaya yakın düştü. Olası sualtı kurtarma çalışmalarına ihtiyaç vardır.

Kayıp Askerler hakkındaki bu araştırma materyali, MIA Kurtarma Ağı tarafından oluşturulmuş ve derlenmiş ve Ordu Hava Birlikleri Kütüphanesi ve Müzesi ile ortaklaşa yayınlanmıştır. Bu materyal, bağımsız tarihçilerin ve araştırmacıların bu bilgileri çalışmalarında kullanabilmeleri için mevcuttur. Bu dosyaya daha fazla materyal katabilirseniz, lütfen BİZE ULAŞIN.

Arıyoruz . Fotoğraflar, Sabah Raporları, Eylem Sonrası Raporları ve diğer belgeler. Bu birime özel bilgilerle ilgileniyoruz: Marvin Mosco'yu arayan 565. Bombardıman Filosu 389. Bombardıman Grubu (Ağır).

MIA Recovery çabalarını ve devam eden araştırmaların yayınlanmasını BAĞIŞ yoluyla destekleyebilirsiniz. Teşekkürler.


Mürettebat 2468, 565. Bombardıman Filosu - Tarih

Ordu Hava Birlikleri - Ordu Hava Kuvvetleri Tarihsel Derneği
http://www.aafha.org/

Ekim 1944 itibariyle 15. Hava Kuvvetleri Teşkilat Şeması
http://www.frankambrose.com/pages/chart.html

7.
"Mors Ab Alto"
(Yukarıdan Ölüm)

Frederic N. Hernandez'e Saygı
http://dainthecbi.com/

11.
"Progressio Sine Timore Aut Praejudicio"
(Korku ve Önyargı Olmadan İlerleme)

11. Bombardıman Grubu Ağır (H) "Gri Kazlar"
http://11thbombgroup.org/

28.
"Kuzey'in Koruyucusu"

Alaska Resimleri - Aleut Yarımadası ve Adaları - II.
http://www.eubank-web.com/Donald/Aleutian/

44.
"Uçan Sekiztop"

Avustralya'da 90 Bomba Grubu "Jolly Rogers"
http://home.st.net.au/

93.
"Gezici Sirk"

308.
"Percussus Resurgo"
(Düştüğümde Yeniden Kalkırım)

B24.NET - İkinci Dünya Savaşı B-24 Liberator Bombardıman Uçağı ve POW Stalag Luft Kampları
http://www.b24.net/

446.
"Bungay Buckaroos"
"Voler Venger Vaincre"
(Fly Avenge Conquer)


Norbert “Geb” Gebhard – B-24 Pilotu, 389. Bomba Grubu

Geb Gebhard, 1941 yazında Ordu Hava Birlikleri'ne katıldı. 10 Mart 1943'te pilot eğitiminden mezun oldu, görevlendirildi ve 389. bomba grubunun 565. bomba filosuna B-24 “Çuval yardımcı pilotu olarak katıldı. Zaman Sally”. 1 Ağustos 1943'te o ve ekibi, Romanya'daki Ploesti petrol sahalarına yapılan kötü şöhretli düşük seviyeli baskına katıldı. Geb'e göre, o sabah havalanan 178 uçaktan sadece 33'ü ertesi gün bir savaş görevini uçurmaya uygundu. Geb ve ekibi, bir çizik olmadan hayatta kaldıkları için şanslıydı.

Kısa süre sonra “Scorpion” un ilk pilotu oldu ve bazı maceralı görevler üstlendi. İtalya, Leghorn'a giden bir görevde uçağın yakıtı bitti ve Geb ve ekibi Sardunya adasına acil iniş yapmak zorunda kaldı. Almanların hâlâ adada olduğunu biliyorlardı ama nerede olduğunu bilmiyorlardı. Neyse ki, Almanlar o noktada anakara İtalya'ya tahliye ediliyordu ve bu nedenle talihsiz bir kaçışı kaçırdılar.

Geb ayrıca 7 Ocak 1944'te grubu Ludwigshafen'i bombaladıktan sonra yakın mesafeden kafa kafaya bir Alman savaş uçağı saldırısına tanık oldu. Bir Alman FW190'ın vurduğunu gördüğünde (birliğin liderinin hemen sağında ve arkasında) uçuyordu. "Trouble" gemisini saat 12'den yönet. Uçağın önü patladı, tüm ileri mürettebat anında öldü. Pilotlar öldü ve bir kanat alev aldı, “Trouble” şiddetle Geb'in uçağına doğru saptı, neredeyse Geb ve ekibini ölüm sarmalına götürüyordu. Geb ve pilotu “Sorun”dan kıl payı kurtuldu ve herhangi birinin hayatta kaldığından şüphelenerek eve devam etti. Geb, nişancı Robert Sweatt'in uçağın patlamasından sağ çıktığını, Fransa'ya indiğini, yerde üç ay boyunca Alman askerlerinden kaçtığını ve sonunda İngiltere'ye geri döndüğünü ancak 60 yıl sonra öğrendi. 2004'te 389. bültende Robert hakkında bir makale yayınlandıktan sonra birbirleriyle tekrar temasa geçtiler. Geb düşman topraklarında 25 görevden sağ çıktı, gururlu bir dede ve ne yazık ki ilk iki karısı vefat etmesine rağmen, uzun süredir evli. Üçüncü karısına 15 yıl.


Abood, Calabro ve Shady

Bridgeville Bölgesi Tarih Kurumu'nun Kasım ayı programı toplantısı, Georgeanne Abood Henson tarafından En Büyük Nesil'in üç çok özel üyesi hakkında - büyükbabası, kuzeni George Abood, George Shady ve çocukluk arkadaşları ve komşuları Peter Calabro hakkında olağanüstü bir sunumdu. Bu üç genç adam Baldwin Sokağı mahallesinde birlikte büyümüş, II.

Konuşmacı konuşmasına George Shady ile başladı. 1943 yazında, 389. Bombardıman Grubu Colorado'daki Lowry Hava Kuvvetleri Üssü'nden geldiğinde, kendisini Norwich, İngiltere yakınlarındaki Hethel Hava Üssü'nde buldu. O Grubun 565. Ağır Bombardıman Filosuna atandı. Çavuş Shady, bir B-24 Liberator, “Bataklık Meleği”'de bir telsiz operatörü ve top taret nişancısıydı. On sekizinci görevlerinde, 22 Şubat 1944'te, uçakları Almanya'nın Brunswick kentinde dört Luftwaffe savaşçısı tarafından ağır hasar gördü. Bataklık Meleği yanarken, mürettebat kurtarıldı.

Resmi Hava Kuvvetleri Kayıp Hava Mürettebatı Raporu, Çavuş Shady'yi “kötü yanmış” olarak listeledi. Sonunda düşman eline geçti ve Leipzig yakınlarındaki Stalag IX-C'ye taşındı. Altı ay ve üç kamptan sonra, sekiz bin diğer Müttefik havacıyla birlikte Gross Tychow, Pomeranya'da (şimdi Tychowo, Polonya) Stalag Luft IV'teydi. Konuşmacı, sansürlenmiş mektuplarından birkaçını eve gösterdi.

Kuzeni Çavuş George Abood da B-24, “Yankee Rebel”'de tayfaydı (sol bel topçusu). Birimi, 567. Ağır Bombardıman Filosu, yine Hethel Hava Üssü'nde bulunan 389. Bombardıman Grubunun bir parçasıydı. Bayan Henson, yurtdışına gönderilmeden önce Florida'daki bir eğitim kampında birlikte olan Abood ve Peter Calabro'nun birkaç fotoğrafını gösterdi. Çavuş Abood'un savaş rekoru, 25 Temmuz 1944'te Fransa'nın St. Lo kentinde Yankee Rebel'ın vurulmasından önceki sekiz görevi içeriyordu. Bunlardan ikisi diğer B-24'lerdeki görevlerdi, “Flying Greenhouse” ve “Heavy Tarih”.

Uçağı vurulduğunda ve alev aldığında, Çavuş Abood kurtarılan ilk mürettebattı. İkincisi ise paraşütünü uçağın kuyruk tertibatına taktı ve alev alması sonucu can verdi. Tesadüfen muhabir Ernie Pyle bu olaya zeminden tanık oldu ve haftalık köşe yazısında ve daha sonra en çok satan “Brave Men”'de haber yaptı. Abood, yakalandıktan sonra, şimdi Litvanya olan Stalag VI'ya gönderildi. Sonunda Stalag Luft IV'e transfer edildi. Çavuş Shady'nin eve gönderdiği mektuplardan birinde, “Boots”'e (George Abood'un takma adı) iyi baktığına dair bir ifade yer alıyor.

İki kuzenin aksine Peter Calabro, B-17, “Phyllis”'de mürettebattı. Güneydoğu İtalya'daki devasa Foggia kompleksinin bir parçası olan Amendola Hava Üssü'nden uçan On İkinci Hava Kuvvetleri 97. Bombardıman Grubunun 340. Ağır Bombardıman Filosuna atandı. Çavuş Calabro bir bel/üst taret nişancısıydı. Otuzuncu görevinde, 20 Eylül 1944'te, uçağı Budapeşte'ye yapılan bir baskında ciddi şekilde hasar gördü. Yangınları söndürmek ve mürettebatın Yugoslavya, Banjaluka üzerinden kaçmasına izin vermek için 5000 fite dalarlar.

Kayıp Hava Mürettebatı Raporuna göre mürettebattan hiçbiri hayatta kalmadı. Konuşmacı, Calabro ailesinin Savaş Departmanından aldığı ve oğullarının öldürüldüğünü bildiren gerçek telgrafı gösterdi. Bu, lise gazetemiz Bridger'da bile bildirildi. Neyse ki birkaç ay sonra aile, onun hala hayatta olduğunu, bir savaş esiri olduğunu bildiren başka bir telgraf aldı.

Calabro, birkaç ay boyunca bir savaş esiri kampından diğerine geçti ve sonunda Kasım ayının ortalarında Stalag Luft IV'te Abood ve Shady ile yeniden bir araya geldi. Bu devasa kamp daha küçük birimlere bölünmüştü Calabro ve Shady birlikteydi Abood farklı bir kamptaydı. Bir şekilde Calabro, kuzenlerin bir arada olabilmesi için Abood ile geçiş yapmayı başardı.

1945'in başlarında, Rus ordusu doğudan yaklaşırken, Almanlar mahkumları batıya kaydırmaya başladı. Çavuş Calabro, orta Almanya'da Nürnberg yakınlarındaki Moosburg'daki bir kampa taşınan bir trende sekiz gün geçiren bir grubun parçasıydı. Kuzenler o kadar şanslı değildiler ve “Kara Mart”'e katılmak zorunda kaldılar.

Bu, genellikle kar fırtınası koşullarında, iki ay süren ve sonunda orta kuzey Almanya'daki Fallingsbostel'deki Stalag XI-B'de sona eren, yürüyerek beş yüz millik bir çileydi. Şimdiye kadar mahkumlar kötü durumdaydı, çoğu zaten normal kilolarının üçte birini kaybetmişti. Birçoğu korkunç çileden sağ çıkmayı başaramadı. Yürüyüşün yaklaşık yarısında Shady ölümcül bir hastalığa yakalandı. Abood'a yolun geri kalanını taşıması için kredi veriyor.

Sonunda üçü de Müttefikler tarafından ülkelerine geri gönderildi, sağlığına kavuşturuldu ve evlerine geri döndü. Gerçekten iyi haber şu ki, üç adam da sivil hayata döndüler, aileleri büyüttüler ve rol model vatandaşlar oldular. Yaşadıkları dehşetlere rağmen, her biri kişisel travmalarını yenebildi. George Abood, United Steelworkers'da liderlik rolü de dahil olmak üzere Universal Cyclops'ta uzun bir kariyere sahipti. George Shady, Bridgeville şehir merkezindeki Washington Bulvarı'ndaki Shady's Bar and Grill'i işletiyordu. Peter Calabro, çocukluktaki lastik kaplama işini bugün bölgenin en başarılı otomobil servis tesisi haline getirdi.

Şükran Günü'nden iki gün önce Bayan Henson'ın sunumu, benim neslimden insanlara, bizden önceki nesle ne kadar borçlu olduğumuzu canlı bir şekilde hatırlattı. Dünyayı demokrasi için kurtarmanın yanı sıra, hayatlarının geri kalanını gelecek nesiller için olumlu rol model olarak geçirdiler.

Katkılarını bize hatırlattığı için Georgeanne Henson'a çok teşekkürler. Onun yorumlarına ve eserlerine dayalı bir broşür, Tarih Kurumu için güzel bir proje olacaktır.

Aralık ayında Tarih Kurumu sunumu olmayacak, bunun yerine Tarih Merkezini ziyaret etmeye ve 2020 takviminin bir kopyasını satın almaya davetlisiniz. Karen Godwin ve Ryan Thomazin bir kez daha yerel tarih ve fotoğraflarla dolu bir takvim oluşturmak için bir araya geldiler.

Tatillerden sonra Dernek kış programına geri dönecektir. 20 Ocak 2020 Pazar günü Dana Del Bianco, Bridgeville Gönüllü İtfaiye Departmanı'ndaki Chartiers Odasında 2.


Mürettebat 2468, 565. Bombardıman Filosu - Tarih

İkinci Dünya Savaşı'nda Hizmet Eden ABD Askeri Birlikleri

(5) ile Başlayan İsim

Aşağıda listelenen isimlerden herhangi biri hakkında bilgi için, talebinizi [email protected] adresine gönderin.

Dünya Savaşı Tarih Merkezi Araştırma Veritabanı hakkında bilgi almak için buraya tıklayın.

Dünya Savaşı Tarih Merkezi hakkında bilgi için buraya tıklayın.

5. Zırhlı Tümen 59 60 193 375 382 437 664 831

5. Mühendis Taburu, ABD Deniz Piyadeleri 115

5. Mühendis Özel Tugay 148 384

5. Tahliye Hastanesi 580

5 Topçu Taburu 557

5. Piyade Tümeni 37 60 248 375 382 406 464 557 663 831

5. Deniz Savunma Taburu 753

5. Deniz Tümeni 78 115 152 161 185 401 552 753

5. Deniz Alayı, 1. Deniz Tümeni 145 156 279 287 330 374 584 632 753

5. Pioneer Taburu, ABD Deniz Piyadeleri 115 217

5. Korucu Taburu 53 243 384 403 476 839

5. Tank Avcı Grubu 437

50. Mühendis Taburu, 7. Piyade Alayı 447

50. Birlik Taşıyıcı Kanadı 893

51. Zırhlı Piyade Taburu, 4. Zırhlı Tümen 534

51. Muharebe Mühendisi Taburu 129 482 557

51. Kompozit Savunma Taburu 106

51. Birlik Taşıyıcı Kanadı 482 893

52. Zırhlı Piyade Taburu 557

52. Avcı Grubu 104 290 292 757 765

52. Birlik Taşıyıcı Kanadı 482 893

53. Zırhlı Piyade Taburu, 4. Zırhlı Tümen 95 557 893 901

53. Birlik Taşıyıcı Kanadı 893

54. Zırhlı Topçu Taburu 482

54. Avcı Filosu 754

54. Birlik Taşıyıcı Kanadı 589 754 893

55. Avcı Grubu 28 103

55. Birlik Taşıyıcı Filosu 893

56. Zırhlı Piyade Taburu, 12. Zırhlı Tümen 493

56. Avcı Grubu 7 257 283 737 757 765

57. Avcı Grubu 443 765

58. Zırhlı Topçu Taburu 403 476 557

58. Bomba Kanadı 467 765 890

500. Bomba Grubu, 73. Bomba Kanadı 599

500. Filo, 345. Bomba Grubu, Beşinci Hava Kuvvetleri 173 754

501. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 101. Hava İndirme Tümeni 92 98 557 893

501. Filo, 345. Bomba Grubu, Beşinci Hava Kuvvetleri 173 754

502. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 101. Hava İndirme Tümeni 27 91 100 255 327 434 557 893

503. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı 173 382 482 754 761 893

503. Paraşüt Alayı Muharebe Timi 893

504. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 82. Hava İndirme Tümeni 255 316 375 382 397 482 557 839 893

504. Alay Muharebe Timi 482

505. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 82. Hava İndirme Tümeni 38 100 214 255 316 382 384 387 397 482 893

505. Alay Muharebe Timi 482

506 Uçaksavar Taburu 217

506. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 101. Hava İndirme Tümeni 92 123 189 255 370 382 384 434 557 844 893

507'nci Muharebe Mühendisi Taburu 893

507. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 17. Hava İndirme Tümeni 96 187 482 893

508. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 82. Hava İndirme Tümeni 255 482 557 893

508. Alay Muharebe Timi 482

509. Kompozit Grup 169 191 299

509. Paraşüt Piyade Taburu 382 423 557 839 893

509. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı 482 629 839

511. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı 155 893

513. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı, 17. Hava İndirme Tümeni 19 96 187 893

514. Avcı Filosu, 406. Avcı Grubu 276

515. Paraşütlü Piyade 893

517. Bombardıman Filosu 104

517. Paraşüt Piyade Alayı 482 557 893

522 Topçu Taburu 578

526. Zırhlı Piyade Taburu 97 358 437 557

531. Avcı Bombardıman Filosu 754

531. Filo, 21. Avcı Grubu 217

534. Tamir Bölüğü, Fransız 2. Zırhlı Tümeni 174

538. Mühimmat Ağır Bakım Şirketi 437

540. Muharebe Mühendisi Grubu 456

540. Muharebe Mühendisi Alayı 456

542. Piyade Alayı 27

549. Gece Savaşçısı Filosu 217

550. Havadan Piyade Taburu 96

550. Planör Piyade Taburu 423 893

551. Paraşüt Piyade Taburu 482 893

554. Mühimmat Ağır Bakım Şirketi 437

558 Uçaksavar Topçu Otomatik Silah Taburu 501

558. Bomba Filosu, 387. Bomba Grubu 422

565 Bomba Filosu, 389 Bomba Grubu, Dokuzuncu Hava Kuvvetleri 387

570. Sinyal Uçağı İkaz Taburu 548

589'uncu Topçu Taburu 482 557

590 Topçu Taburu 557

591 Topçu Taburu 557

592. Topçu Taburu 482 557

593 Topçu Taburu 264

598 Topçu Taburu 557

5307. Kompozit Birim (Geçici) "Merrill's Marauders" 33 73 214 227 450 593 893


Mürettebat 2468, 565. Bombardıman Filosu - Tarih

Hava Kuvvetleri Ordu Hava Birlikleri Ordu Hava Kuvvetleri Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Hava Kuvvetleri Rezerv Ulusal Hava Muhafızları Sivil Hava Devriyesi

Justin-Kossor Hava Kuvvetleri Sözlü Tarih Merkezi

Bu sayfa, Hava Kuvvetleri, Ordu Hava Kuvvetleri, Ordu Hava Birlikleri ve Ulusal Hava Muhafızları ve Sivil Hava Devriyesi üyeleri hakkında biyografilere bir dizi bağlantıdır. Hava Kuvvetleri, sivil çalışanlar, ROTC dahil olmak üzere Hava Kuvvetlerinin tüm birimlerini içerir.

Aşağıdaki Biyografiler servis üyeleri veya aile tarafından bana e-posta ile gönderildi. Göndermek için bu tür hikayeleriniz varsa, lütfen aşağıdan bana e-posta gönderin. Bazıları web'de başka bir yerde benim veya başkalarının bulduğum sayfalardır. Böyle bir sayfa görürseniz bana bildirin. Böyle bir sayfadan dönmek için Geri Tuşunuzu kullanın. Teşekkürler ve keyfini çıkarın.

Julie Kossor, S/Sgt, 42001740, 389. Bomba Filosu/386. Bomba Filosu, 312. Bomba Grubu "Kükreyen 20'ler", 5. Hava Kuvvetleri, USAAF, İkinci Dünya Savaşı

Justin Müzesi'nin Hava Kuvvetleri Biyografileri

Tzolag A. Aaronian , S/Sgt, 565th BS, 389th BG, 8th AF, KIA, WWII, USAAF (yeni 5/6/01)

Herman M. Adams, T/Sgt, Engineer-Gunner, B-24, 744th Bomb Sqd, 456th Bomb Grp, 15th AF, USAAF (yeni 11/11/02)

Dominick N. Ağustos, 8th Air Force, USAAF (yeni 1/10/01)

Charles Francis Augustin, Havacı 1. Sınıf, 34. Bomba Filosu, Pusan ​​Doğu K-9 Havaalanı, 17. Bomba Grubu (L), 5. Hava Kuvvetleri, USAF, Kore Savaşı (yeni 8/14/20)

William Aunspaugh, Navigator, B-17 "My Day", 560th BS, 388th BG, 8th AF, USAAF (yeni 5/18/20)

Dick Bergman, Sr. Airman, Det#3, 136th CSS, Camp Pieri, Germany & 6912th RSM, Manhattan AFB, USA, USAF, Cold War (yeni 30/04/15)

Eldon E. Bevens, B17 mürettebatı, 8. AF, USAAF, WWII (yeni 14.03.2020)

The Bigg's Boys, ilgili RAF Biyografilerinin Çevrimiçi Kitabı, Ken Stofer (güncelleme 10/12/01 yeni 4/8/01)

George Bolden, Teğmen, 618. Bomba Filosu, 477. Bomba Grubu, Tuskegee Airman, USAAF (yeni 10/15/06)

William Bonenberger, Onbaşı, Badington Hava Deposu 1 Numara, Badington Hava Deposu 2 Numara, 8th AF, USAAF (31.12.03 güncellendi, yeni 20.12.03)

George Bragdon, Bel Nişancısı, P.O.W., U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 24.08.02)

Richard C. Brown, Bud Brown, S/Sgt., Telsiz Operatörü/Mekanik/Nişancı, 705th Sqdn, 446th Bomb Group, 8th AF, U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 9/30/01)

William Byer, S/Sgt, 53rd Weather Recon Sqdn, U.S.A.A.F.

Joseph T. Callahan, Kaptan, 390. Bomba Filosu, 42. Bomba Grubu, 13. Hava Kuvvetleri, USAAF, İkinci Dünya Savaşı (yeni 7/04/06)

Eugene T. Carson, Lt. Col, Flt Eng/Gnr, 560th Bmb Sqdn, 388th Bmb Grp/327th Bmb Sqdn, 92nd Bmb Grp, USAAF, ABD (Güncelleme 6/19/02)

John W. Carson, Yarbay (T/Sgt), Radyo Operatörü/Nişancı, 96. Bomba Sqdn, 2. Bomba Grubu, 15. AF, USAAF, USAF (13.04.01 güncellendi)

Forrest S. Clark, 67. Sqdn, 44. Bomba Grubu, 8. AF, USAAF (25.05.03 güncellendi)

H. Curt Crouch, S/Sgt, 700th Sqdn, 445th Bmb Grp, 2nd Air Div, 8th A.F., U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 1/11/00)

Trafford Curry, 100. Bmb Grp, 8. AF, USAAF

Thomas R. Cushman, Kaptan, 613. Filo, 401. Bomba Grubu, 8. AF, USAAF

Jack Deuitch, S/Sgt, Nişancı, 644. Bomba Sqdn, 410. Bomba Grubu, 9. AF, USAAF

Orville J. Draeger, 36221319 Gunner, SSGT, 331st Squadron, 94th Bomber Group, Bury St Edmunds, UK & 482nd Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF, WWII (yeni 2/24/2021)

David Edmonds, Yarbay, 44. Bomba Grubu, 8. AF, USAAF

Ralph L. Emery, Onbaşı, 23. Bomba Sqdn, 5. Bomba Grubu (H), USAAF

Emilio N. Fantasia, T/Sgt, 328. Bomba Filosu, 93. Bomba Grubu (H), 8. AF, USAAF (yeni 8/17/00)

Jim Farley , Mess/Sgt, QM Co & Air Service Company, 458th Bomb Group, 2nd Air Division , AAB 123, Horsham St. Faith, Norwich İngiltere, USAAF (yeni 4/14/01)

Leo Gallagher , Kuyruk Nişancı, 565. Bomba Sqdn, 389. Bomba Grubu, 8. Hava Kuvvetleri (yeni 4/23/20)

Elzylee Gibson, Nose Gunner, Picadillie Lillie, 487th Bmb Grp, 8th AF, USAAF

Bruce Gordon, Maj., Pilot, 94th FIS, USAF, Kore, Vietnam (yeni 2/26/2021)

Ed Gregory, Çavuş1/C, 367th Sqdn, 306th Bmb Grp, 8th AF, USAAF, USAF (27.03.01 güncellendi)

Clarence E. Gurnee, T/Sgt., Nişancı B25 "Küçük Joe", 448. Bomba Filosu, 321. Bomba Grubu, 12. Hava Kuvvetleri, U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 10/7/07)

Karl Haeuser, Mopsy, 410. Bomba Grubu, 9. AF, USAAF

William Richard (Dick) Hay, 8. AF HQ Sqdrn, USAAF, Okinawa

Art Heiden, Kaptan, 79th Ftr Sqdn, 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF (29.04.01 güncellendi)

Carl Heimaster, Crew 6, 724th Sqdn, 451st Bmb Grp, 49th Wg, 15th AF, USAAF

Marion C. Hoffman, 323rd Sqdn, 91st Bmb Grp, 8th AF, USAAF (güncellendi 4/18/01)

Wally Hoffman, 351st Bomb Group, Polebrook, İngiltere, 8th AF, USAAF (1/12/07 güncellendi)

James Lafayette Holloway, S/Sgt, B17 Tailgunner, İstasyon #131, Nusthamstead, İngiltere, 601st Squadron, 398th Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF (güncellendi 10/20/03, yeni 10/10/03)

Ronald Hutchinson, Çavuş, Uçuş Mühendisi, Halifax III NA-188 PT-E, 420 Squadron RCAF, Tholthorpe, RAF (yeni 5/19/20)

Gilbert Hymerling, Eğitim Komutanlığı, Perry, Florida / Victoria, Teksas, U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 10/10/00)

Robert S. Johnson, Albay, Robert S. Johnson, 61st Ftr Sqdn, 56th Ftr Grp, 8th A.F., U.S.A.A.F.

George Kasparian, Müfreze #1, OSI, 1005th IG Group, Guam, USAF (25.05.01 tarihinde güncellendi)

Robert J. "Bob" Kilby, Jr., 731st Bmb Sqdn, 452nd Bmb Grp, 2. Div, 8. AF, USAAF

Julius Adolph "Julie" Kossor, Julius Adolph "Julie" Kossor'un Biyografisi, S/Sgt, 42001740, 389. Bomba Filosu ve 386. Bomba Filosu, 312. Bomba Grubu "Kükreyen 20'ler", 5. Hava Kuvvetleri, USAAF, İkinci Dünya Savaşı

Fred "Fritz" Kraft, 385. Bomba Grubu, 3. Hava Tümeni, USAAF (yeni 5/5/00)

Lawrence Laurie, Başçavuş, Bel Nişancısı,. 731. Filo, 452. Bomba Grubu, 8. Hava Kuvvetleri, Stalag Luft IV, USAAF (yeni 5/7/20)

George Lockwood , Çavuş, 467th AAF Ana Birimi, 43. ADG, HQ Sqn ​​ve 421st Servis Filosu ve 25. Depo Onarım Filosu, 20th AF, USAAF (yeni 10/30/01)

Benton Earl Lowry, Sr., T/Sgt, 323rd Bmb Sdn, 91st Bmb Grp, 8th AF, USAAF

Ben May, Uçuş Mühendisi, 420 Squadron RCAF, Bomber Command, RAF, WWII (yeni 12/15/06)

Reg Miles, Ex Apprentice No 1 S.of TT, RAF, Halton 39. Entry 34 - 67 MUs - 27 A/S Bloemspruit Güney Afrika - Lympe Kent, Flight Engineer 432 Squadron RCAF, 420 Squadron RCAF, 6 Grup Bombardıman Komutanlığı, Eastmoor, Tholthorpe, Yorkshire / 242- 246 - 511 Squadrons Ulaştırma Komutanlığı Lyneham,, RAF (05/11/01 güncellendi)

Meyer "Mike" Moldeven, Kamu Hizmeti, Parachute Rigger, Hickam AFB, Hawaii, WWII & Parachute Acquisition, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio, Korea & Logistical Analyst, Nouasseur AB, Fas, Cold War & Civilian Vice, Inspector General's Office, McClellan AFB , Vietnam (yeni 9/8/02)

William R. Morris, Maj, 92nd Inf Div/93rd Inf Div/99th Pursuit Sqdn, Tuskegee Airman, USA/USAAF/USAFR

Steve Perri, Top Taret Nişancı, B17 Delta Reb #2, 323. Bmb Sqdn, 91. Bomba Grubu, 8. AF, U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 11/02/01)

Harold Howard Pinder, Yarbay, , 67. Filo, 44. Bomba Grubu, 8. Hava Kuvvetleri, USAAF (yeni 5/8/2020)

Benjamin "Benny" Randolph, Lt, 410. Bomba Grubu, 9. AF, USAAF

Malcolm F. Reed , Albay, Tedarik Görevlisi, Gander Hava Üssü, Newfoundland, Middletown, Hava Deposu, Pensilvanya, İkinci Dünya Savaşı, U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 26.11.01)

George G. Roberts, Radyo Operatörü, 367th Bomb Sqd., 306th Bomb Group, USAAF (yeni 8/25/05)

David Newton Searle-Baker, Eski Uçak Çırağı, 1 Nolu Teknik Eğitim Okulu, Halton. Buckinghamshire. İngiltere. 46. ​​Giriş, Tesisat II Uçak Gövdeleri, Orta Doğu ve Batı Avrupa, RAF (yeni 1/23/00)

Clyde R. Silvis, 44. Bomba Grubu, 8. AF, USAAF

Gut E. Smith, Yarbay, USAAF ve USAF, İkinci Dünya Savaşı, Kore, Vietnam

Abe Sofferman, T/Sgt, 44. Bomba Grubu, 8. AF, USAAF

Ellis E. Stanley, Albay, 311th Sqdn, 58th FG, Korea, 388th Sqdn, 480th Sqdn, 12th TAC Fighter Wing, Vietnam, USAF (yeni 3/29/01)

Kenneth H. Stofer, D Filosu, N0.1 Kanat, R.A.F. College, Cranwell & Odan, İskoçya ve mobil sinyaller birimi, #4 Operasyon Odası, St. Thomas Mount, Madras, Hindistan ve 5836 Mobil Sinyaller Birimi, 169 Wing, Chiringa, Burma, RAF, RCAF

Victor A. Tarzia, Çavuş, Mürettebat Şefi/Nişancı, 410. Bomba Grubu, 9. AF, U.S.A.A.F. (yeni 10/1/02)

John G. Thiel, Çavuş, Radyo Operatörü/Nişancı, B-24, 576th Sqdn, 392nd Bomb Group, Kings Lynn, İngiltere, 8th AF, USAF (08.12.00 güncellendi)

James T. Twine, MSGT, İkinci Dünya Savaşı, USAAF, USAF (yeni 3/15/04)

Victor H. "Pappy" Ullman, Pappy's Puss , 776th Bmb Sqdn, 464th Bmb Grp, 15th AF, USAAF

George Underwood, S/Sgt, 381st bmb Sqdn, 310th Bmb Grp, 57th Bmb Wg, 12th AF, USAAF (1/2/04 güncellendi)

Peter A. Weston, Lancaster Radar/Radio/Navigator, 186 Sqdn, Stradishall, East Anglia (İkinci Dünya Savaşı)/ 45 Sqdn (Malaya)/ 209 Sqdn (Kore), RAF (22/04/01 güncellendi)

A. Edward (Abe) Wilen, Navigator, Crew #8, 732nd Bomb Squadron, 453nd Bomb Group, 8th Air Force, POW, WWII, USAAF (yeni 2/1/05)

Reed Will, 387th Bmb Sdn/562nd Bmb Sqdn, Knettishal İngiltere, USAAF

Arnold Yellin, Çavuş, 153. AACS (Ordu Hava Yolları İletişim Sistemi), Albrook Sahası, Kanal Bölgesi (13.04.01 güncellendi)

Web'de Hava Kuvvetleri Biyografileri

Geri Dönmek İçin Geri Tuşunuzu Kullanmalısınız

Ernest E. Allen, F/Lt, Pilot, 59 Squadron, Coastal Command & OTU Nassau, Bahamalar, WWII, RCAF

Clarence E. "Bud" Anderson, P-51 Mustang "Old Crow", 357. Avcı Grubu "Yoxford Boys", 8. Hava Kuvvetleri

Clair Levi Annis, Hava Mareşali, Taktik Hizmetler Şefi / Ouse'daki İstasyon Linton / Station Granger / 10 Squadron, RCAF

John VanWinkle Avrett, nişancı, B17 Balina Kuyruğu II, 8. AF, USAAF

Walter Harvey Annis, telsiz operatörü/topçu, 376. Ağır Bombardıman Grubu, 15. AF, USAAF

Joe Baggs, Bombadier, 384. Bmb Grp, 8. AF, USAAF

Chuck Baisden, M/Sgt, 3rd Sqdn, AVG / 1st Air Commando, İkinci Dünya Savaşı ve 80th FB Sqdn, 8th FB Grp / 93rd Bmb Sqdn, 19. Bmb Wng, Kore / KC 97 Boom Operator, Soğuk Savaş

Dewayne Bennett, B17 pilotu, 545. Sqdn, 384. Bomba Grubu, 8. AF

Dale Van Blair, Kuyruk Nişancısı, 715. Bomba. Sqdn., 448. Bomba. Grup ve 564. Bomba Sqdn., 389. Bomba Grubu, USAAF

"Wild Bill" Boyd, P38F-5 pilotu, 28. Photo Recon Sqdn, İkinci Dünya Savaşı

James "Brad" Bradshaw, Kaptan, 79th Ftr Sqdn, 20th Ftr Grp, 8th AF, Kingscliffe, USAAF

John J. Briol, 748th Sqdn, 457th Bmb Grp, 8th AF, USAAF

Stan K. Brock, Ekip Şefi, Lonesome Lil , 11. Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Kore, Soğuk Savaş

Elmer J. Costales, Kaptan, Elmer's Tune , 335th Bmb Sqdn, 95th Bmb Grp (H), 13th Wing, 3. Division, 8th AF, Stalag Luft 1, USAAF

Allen J. Diefendorf, Col., 367th Ftr Grp/49th Ftr-Bmbr Grp/557th TAC-Ftr Sqn, USAAF/USAF, WWII, Korea, Vietnam

Leo Ensminger, 778th Sqdn, 801st BG / 492nd BG, Özel Operasyonlar, USAAF

Stanley K. Flentje, Yarbay, B47 Pilot, 344th Bmb Sqdn, 98th Bmb Grp/ C124 Pilot, Danang/ ADC/NORAD, USAF, Vietnam, Soğuk Savaş

Frank Freeman, Top Taret Nişancısı, The Sandman , 97th Bmb Grp, 15th AF, USAAF

Edmund C. Fowler, Kaptan, 672nd Sqdn, 417 Bmb Grp, 5th AF, USAAF

Herbert Hall (Henry Hall), Uçuş Teğmen Vekili, Chain Home Radar İstasyonu Dover & Chain Home Radar İstasyonu Worth Matravers & No.265 M.R.U. & No.264 M.R.U. & No.269 M.R.U. & 261 M.R.U. & No.1 R.I. & M.U. & No. 75 Sinyaller Kanat Karargahı & RAF Radar İstasyonu Thorpeness & RAF Radar İstasyonu Ventnor, RAF, WWII

Harry Hansell, F.Sgt., Halifax Orta Üst Nişancı, 427 Squadron, 434 Squadron, KIA, WWII, RCAF

Herbert C. "Herb" Harper, MSgt, 345. Bomba Filosu, 98. Bomba Grubu/310. Bmb Grp, USAF, Kore, Soğuk Savaş

Jack M. Ilfrey , Col, CO 79th Ftr Sqdn, 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

Ambury Newton Jarvis, Uçan Memur, Lancaster ED387, 50 Filo, Bombardıman Komutanlığı, RAF

Henry L. "Hank" Marois, Jr., Elektronik Harp Subayı, 11. Sqdn, USAF, Soğuk Savaş

Arvin "Mac" McCauley, 97. Bmb Grp, 15. AF, USAAF

John McConnon , 2nd Lt., 376th Bomb Group, 15th Air Force, USAAF (yeni 8/14/00)

TSgt Samuel E. McGowan ve Delmar D. McGowan, 328th Bmb Squdrn, 93rd Bmb Grp, 2nd Div, 8th AF ve 492nd Sqdn/367th Bmb Squdrn., USAAF

Sam McGowan, C-130 Hava Mürettebatı, 35. Birlik Taşıyıcı Filosu / 463. Birlik Taşıyıcı Kanadı, USAF Vietnam

Theodore R. "Dick" Newell , Pilot, 12th Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Kore

Joseph J. Novak, S/Sgt, 674th Bombardment Squadron (L), 417th Bombardment Group (L), 5th Air Force, USAAF (6/4/01 eklendi)

Max Pyles, T/Sgt, 79th Ftr Sqdn, 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

A. Willard Reese, 1st Lt, That's My Baby , 751st Sqdn, 457th Bmb Grp, 8th AF, (Site 457th for Mr. Reese, savaş tarihini içerir)

Phil Rowe, 327. Bomba Filosu, 92. Bombardıman Kanadı(H)/ 305. Bomba Kanadı/ 12. Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Soğuk Savaş, Vietnam

Dick Rutan, Yarbay, Pilot, F-100, TAC, USAF, Vietnam, Pilot Voyager

Frank Ernest "Bunny" Rymills, Sqdn Ldr, 58 Sqdn / 138 Sqdn / 161 Sqdn / 644 Sqdn, Özel Harekat, RAF İkinci Dünya Savaşı, Malaya

Guiseppe A. Siciliano, S/Sgt, Müh/Gunner, A20#714 "Dexter's Dragon", 646th Bomb Sqdn, 410th Bomb Group, Unit History, 9th AF, USAAF

Irv Shapiro, Flt Eng, 410th Bmb Sqdn, 8th AF, USAAF

Charles R. Skinner, Lt, 464. Bmb Grubu, 15. AF, USAAF

C. V. Soderstrom, 434 Sdn, Bombardıman Komutanlığı, RCAF, KIA, İkinci Dünya Savaşı

Edward J. Steiner, JAG, IO 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

Harlyn Glen Turner, CM/Sgt., Ball Gunner, B-24 Little Rollo, 707th Bmb Sqdn, 446th BG, 8th AF, WWII, USAAF & 92nd Bomb Group & 98th Bomb Group, Post War, 35th FB Sqddn, Kore, çeşitli diğer gönderiler, Soğuk Savaş, USAF

Harold Walder, Navigator, B26s, 11. Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Kore

James D. Waldrop, Çavuş, Repulsive Raider , Crew 15 42-78088, 777th Bmb Sqdn, 464th Bmb Grp, 15th AF, USAAF, Birkaç Sayfa Kötü Bağlantılı (mürettebat listesi), (mürettebat geçmişi), (Görev Açıklamaları No1, No2 , No 3, No 4, No 5, No 6, No 7, No 8, No 9, No 10, No 11, No 12, Crewup, No 13, No 14, D-Day, No 15, No 16, Hayır 17), Formasyon No 17, Birlikte Son Görev, 777. Mürettebat Kaderleri, Bağlantılar, Fotoğraf Bağlantıları için Fotoğraf Sayfasına Bakın

Cy Wilson, Col, CO 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

Henry Alexander Wiltse , 1st Lt, 719th Bmb Squdn, 449th Bmb Grp, 15th AF / 712th Bmb Sqdn, 448th Bmb Grp, 8th AF, USAAF

Çevrimiçi James F. Justin Askeri Tarih Müzesi'nde yer alan hikayelerin çoğu artık ciltsiz ve nazik e-kitap formatında, daha fazlası gelecek, göz atın

12 O'Clock High , Güncel fotoğraflar 8. ve 9. AF üsleri ve Airmen's Stories

2. Bomba Grubu, Personel Veritabanı ile Birim Derneği Ana Sayfası ve daha fazlası

98. Bomba Grubu, Piramidler, Hikayeler, tarih ve daha fazlasını içeren Birim Ana Sayfası

20th Fighter Group, Syd Edwards tarafından, 55th, 78th & 79th Sqdns, 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF hakkında bilgi ile

31. Filo, RAF, hikayeler, birim geçmişi ve daha fazlasını içeren Birim Ana Sayfası

90. Bomba Grubu Sayfası, 319., 320., 321., 400. Bomba Filoları, fotoğraf bilgili Memorial Sayfası

367. Fighter Grubu Sayfası, 392., 393., 394. Sqdns birimiyle ilgili sayfa, fotoğraflar, iletişim, tarih ve birleşme bilgileri ile

381. Bomba Grubu Sayfası, 532, 533, 534 ve 535 Filolarında birim sayfası

392. Bomba Grubu Sayfası, Filolar, Birim Tarihi, Hikayeler, Fotoğraflar

America At War , Fotoğraflar ve Kıdemli Röportajlarla Etkileşimli İkinci Dünya Savaşı Tarihi Sayfası

Beaufighter Squadrons, Birim geçmişlerini ve mürettebat biyografilerini içeren Uçak Tipi Sayfası

B17 Combat Crewmen and Wingmen, Veterans Gallery , Biyografileri ve daha fazlasını içeren B17 ekibine ayrılmış bir site

B17 Sanal Tur, B17'nin iç ve dış uçuş fotoğraflarının bulunduğu bir site

B24 Gaziler Web Panosu, B24 birimlerinin Gazileri tarafından yazılan gönderiler

Brifing Odası, Diğer Ziyaretçilerle Sohbet Edebileceğiniz Bir Sohbet Odası

Yoldaşlar ve Meslektaşlar, tam erişim için altı sterlinlik bir ücretle Birleşik Krallık Yeni Zelanda Avustralya gazileri iletişim sayfası

Uçan Kaplanlar, Film, Kadro, Uçan Kaplanlar üzerine bir PBS belgeselinin internet sitesi

Uçan Kaplanlar, Film, Kıdemli Röportajlar, Uçan Kaplanlar üzerine bir PBS belgeselinin internet sitesi

İkinci Dünya Savaşı Ağır Bombardıman Uçakları, Amerikan Bombardıman Uçakları, Birimleri ve Mürettebatlarına ayrılmış Sayfa

Ağır Bombardıman Uçakları: Araştırma Rehberi, Kıdemli kayıtların nasıl araştırılacağına ilişkin talimatlar

K-14 Ana Sayfa , sayfa 11., 12. ve 6166. Tac Rec Sqdns, Kimpo AB, Kore, USAF merkezli

The Radar Pages, Site Devoted to British Air Defense Radar of WWII, with oral histories

Reunion Page, Notices of reunions and links to reunion pages

Robert Quirk's Page, Many RAF history related biographies

Special Operations Executive, SOE, Website devoted to English Special Ops Units with biographies

The Online DC-3 Aviation Museum A Webpage about the DC-3, C-47, R4D aircraft and their crews

Please Share your Stories! E-mail me to share or discuss or with any questions!

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Crew 2468, 565th Bombardment Squadron - History

Aircraft History
Built by Boeing at Seattle. Constructors Number 2279. On December 20, 1941 delivered to the U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as B-17E Flying Fortress serial number 41-2468 and flown to Sacramento Air Depot (SAD).

Savaş Zamanı Tarihi
Assigned to the 5th Air Force (5th AF), 7th Bombardment Group (7th BG), 9th Bombardment Squadron (9th BS). No known nose art or nickname. During the January 1942 departed MacDill Field piloted by 1st Lt. Robert E. Northcutt via the "African Route" to Java in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). On January 18, 1942 arrives Malang Airfield on Java.

Görev Geçmişi
On January 25, 1942 at 7:00am took off from Singosari Airfield on Java pilot by 1st Lt. Robert E. Northcutt on a mission to bomb the Japanese convoy off Balikpapan on southeast Borneo. The formation included six from the 19th BG plus two from the 7th BG. After bombing the landing force, the B-17s were intercepted and experienced bad weather that consumed more fuel than anticipated. Low on fuel, force landed wheels up on the beach on Madera Island to the east of Java.

enkaz
Afterwards, the crew attempted to burn or destroy the B-17 to prevent it from being captured. Possibly, this B-17 was captured by the Japanese and might have been stripped for usable parts or salvaged. Ultimate fate unknown, likely scrapped or otherwise disappeared.

Referanslar
Other sources incorrectly state this B-17 was assigned to the 19th BG in Java on January 18, 1942 and force landed on mudflats 15 miles northeast of Bangkalan on Java.
USAF Serial Number Search Results - B-17E Flying Fortress 41-2468
"2468 delivered Sacramento Dec 20, 1941. Assigned 19th BG, 93rd BS Java Jan 18, 1942. Arrived African Route Jan 19, 1942. Transferred to 19th BG on Java. Following raid, Jan 25, 1942, made wheels up landing on mudflats 15 miles N.E. of Bangkalan, Java. Abandoned. May have been captured by Japanese forces and stripped for parts."
Fortress Against The Sun (2001) pages 117 (January 18, 1942 arrival Malang), 120 (January 25, 1942 Balikpapan mission), 385 (SN list), 409 (footnotes 1, 4)

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389th Bomb Group

Erected 1986 by 389th Bomb Group Association and 2nd Air Division Association.

Konular. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Air & Space &bull War, World II.

Konum. 39° 46.783′ N, 84° 6.776′ W. Marker is in Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, in Montgomery County. Marker (Memorial #141) is in the Memorial Park of the National Museum of the United States Air Force, with museum access off Springfield Street. Harita için dokunun. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1100 Spaatz Street, Dayton OH 45433, United States of America. Yol tarifi için dokunun.

Yakındaki diğer işaretçiler. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 345th Bombardment Group (here, next to this marker) 376th Heavy Bombardment Group (a few steps from this marker) 805th Engineer Aviation Battalion (a few steps from this marker) 459th Bomb Group (H) (a few steps from this marker) 392nd Bomb Group (Heavy) (a few steps from this marker) 341st Fighter Squadron (a few steps from this marker) 452nd Bombardment Group

(a few steps from this marker) Staff Sgt Joseph J. Terbay (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.

Also see . . .
1. NMUSAF Memorial Park Diagram. (Submitted on July 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. 389th Bombardment Group (Heavy). (Submitted on July 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. 389th Bomb Group (H) Official Site. (Submitted on July 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)


Crew 2468, 565th Bombardment Squadron - History

The Story behind the Bulverhythe Liberator Crash of December 1943

David E P Dennis LCGI RAF

Tanıtım

After many hours of research I have found the crash site of the famous United States Army Air Force Liberator Bomber called ‘Unstable Mabel.

The town of St Leonards-on-Sea in Sussex, England, is located between the towns of Hastings and Bexhill. The road joining the two, is called Bexhill Road and has been given the road number A259. As the A259 goes past Glyne Gap, the entrance to the ancient harbour of Bulverhythe, it then passes the remains of the medieval chapel of St Mary’s at Abbey Drive and within a few yards comes to a road called Freshfields.

Stretching from Freshfields to the Combe Haven River (formerly the Asten) is a large area of open fields and marshes know as Combe Valley. In 1928, the local council decided to make a recreation ground at the backs of the houses on Bexhill Road. In early 1927, the field was bulldozed flat and became known as Bulverhythe Recreation Ground.

On the 6th April 1927, Edward, Prince of Wales (later to fall for Wallis Simpson, to shake hands with Adolf Hitler, to become King Edward VIII and finally to abdicate), came to Hastings to open the new White Rock Pavilion. He then witnessed the handing-over ceremony of the area called the Firehills (now Hastings Country Park) which the council had purchased to prevent housing development from spreading from Fairlight Cove.

Prince Edward and Wallis Simpson: Source: Wikimedia Commons

Prince Edward was then asked to travel from Hastings to Bulverhythe where he officially opened the long rectangle of the newly flattened recreation ground. It had two football pitches on its south side which had been provided for Hastings Rangers Football Club. The pitch to the west became the home for Hastings Rangers as they entered the County League. They moved their team HQ to the recreation ground in 1928.

To the north of Bulverhythe Recreation Ground (considered to be in the district of Pebsham), and now called Tier 1 in the Hastings Planning Department) was an extensive area of scrubland and marsh in the valley of the Combe Haven which had already been used to build a railway viaduct taking trains from Sidley, Bexhill’s second station – officially called Bexhill (West) to Crowhurst and on to London.

The viaduct – a low-level approach air hazard – especially at night.

Bluebell Railway Archive – John J Smith Collection

The immediate area of land to the north of the flattened recreation ground (now called Tier 2) was seen by air ace Sir Alan Cobham, a member of the Royal Flying Corps in World War I, who wrote to Hastings Council in 1930 suggesting that it be used as an airfield to convey fruit and vegetables from markets in France and to export English goods.

Instead of acting immediately, the council prevaricated and decided instead to use some of the waste ground by the river as an uncontrolled waste tip. In those days, councils were being advised by the government that they should find areas with cracked bedrock so that the leachate would flow away ‘harmlessly’ into local rivers. This was eventually stopped by the Sunday Times scoop revealing the damage to the environment and a new preventative Act of Parliament quickly followed.

Nevertheless, some ‘self-help’ air activity did begin in the 1930s on Tier 2. The area immediately to the north of Tier 2 (now called Tier 3) became a rubbish dump.

In early September 1939 the United Kingdom and France both declared war on Germany after the Nazis invaded Poland. The Second World War had begun.

Bexhill Road and Combe Valley 1940: Source Bexhill Musuem

An aerial photograph taken from an RAF bomber in 1940 shows Bulverhythe recreation ground which by then also had a cricket pitch and a pavilion. The photo also shows that a fence line ran from north to south across Tier 2 which eventually became Pebsham aerodrome. This fence is significant to our story.

Air enthusiasts continued to push the council for an aerodrome. So the council kindly said that they would bulldoze the uncontrolled rubbish tip material so far accumulated, over the area of Tier 2 so that an aerodrome could be built on the flattened rubbish overlain with earth and concrete.

Remarkably, during the 1932 to 1934 period when bulldozing took place, a Norman Longboat with Dacian Wolfhead prow was unearthed. But the digger driver was instructed by Hastings Council managers, to quickly bury it again rather than delay the airfield’s completion. It is still there to this day.

Scene from the Bayeux Tapestry showing a Norman Longboat with Dacian Wolfshead Prow : Source Wikimedia Commons

The Pebsham aerodrome of the Hastings and East Sussex Air Service was eventually officially opened on 27th August 1948. It was rough and ready and looked like this in 1952:

Pebsham Aerodrome 1952: Source: Wikimedia Commons

However, during the Second World War, Tier 1 remained a sports ground and Tier 2 was only partly flat with a fence line across it. It was not yet an official landing strip specified for use in wartime.

On 7th December 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbour, thus bringing the United States of America into the war. US forces moved into England.

In 1942 an RAF Station was newly-built seven miles south-west of Norwich in Norfolk, England and given the number Station 114 (ICAO EGSK). It was handed over on completion to the United States Army Air Force (USAAF).

RAF Hethel: Source US Air Museum

As the war became a struggle for the survival of democratic civilisation, on 14th September 1943, RAF Hethel became the headquarters of the 2nd Combat Bombardment Wing of the 2nd Bombardment Division.

With the completion of the airfield facility, RAF Hethel was assigned to several Bomb Groups. The Group we are interested in is the 389th Bombardment Group (Heavy), known as the ‘Sky Scorpions’ arriving from Lowry AAF, Colorado on 11 June 1943. The 389th was assigned to the 2nd Combat Bombardment Wing, and the group tail code was a “Circle-C”.

Operasyonel filoları şunlardı:

564th Bombardment Squadron (YO)

565th Bombardment Squadron (EE)

566th Bombardment Squadron (RR)

567th Bombardment Squadron (HP)

The group flew Consolidated B-24 Liberators as part of the Eighth Air Force’s strategic bombing campaign. Because the aircraft were required to fly on long missions, their normal range of 800 miles was boosted to 2,000 miles by the additional fitting of extra aircraft fuel tanks, called Tokyo Tanks in July 1943. These extra fuel tanks did not have fuel gauges.

DAYTON, Ohio — Consolidated B-24D Liberator at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (ABD Hava Kuvvetleri fotoğrafı)

The group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for the detachment’s participation in the famed low-level attack against oil refineries at Ploesti on 1 August 1943.

The group was frequently detached overseas and took part in some remarkable attacks on the enemy. However, the group resumed operations from England in October 1943 concentrating primarily on strategic objectives in France, the Low Countries, and Germany.

Significantly, in October 1943, the 564th Bombardment Squadron (YO) squadron was assigned to very long-range strategic bombardment operations over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany. Targets included industrial facilities, oil production facilities and refineries, rail and other transportation centres, enemy military airfields and garrisons.

Because of their outstanding bravery, their morale was high. Many Liberator bombers had images painted on their sides. The 564th Bomb Squadron aircraft we are most interested in, had this illustration – called ‘Unstable Mabel’, despite the aircraft really being called ‘John the Baptist’. Unstable Mabel was one of the famous aircraft paintings of women in a state of undress.

Unstable Mabel artwork: Source Imperial War Museum

It had the serial number B-24D/63957/YO:E. The full serial was 42-63957 with the year designator abbreviated on the airframe, resulting in 263957.

It was piloted by Captain Frank Wilby Ellis Jr. and had a crew of ten. It was fitted with long range Tokyo Tanks.

On the early morning of 31st December 1943, Captain Ellis, who had been commissioned on the 25 th May 1938, (Service number 34843) – was tasked to fly Unstable Mabel on what might be called the Brandy and Cheese Run – with bomb load of between 5,000lbs (tactical) and 12,800lbs (max) to destroy a target somewhat north east of a line drawn between Cognac and Rochefort, south-western France. He was given the following attack co-ordinates:

His aircraft was fully fuelled to maintain a forward air speed of 220 mph using 200 US gallons per hour. He was to strike the target between 12.11 and 12.35 hours.

Cognac is in the Charente Department, Nouvelle Aquitaine, situated between Angouleme and Saintes – a very long way from RAF Hethel in East Anglia.

The specific target near Cognac was Saint-Jean d’Angély-Fontenet airfield (French: Aèrodrome Saint-Jean d’Angély-Fontenet) an airfield 390 kilometres southwest of Paris. See an article on this target here:

The airfield was built by the French Ministry of War in 1937. In 1939 the barrack buildings for radio-telegraphists were installed. In 1940 Jagdgeschwader 53 was stationed at the airfield.

Jagdgeschwader 53 crews on standby: Source Wikimedia Commons

Through World War 2, the airfield served as a Luftwaffe fighter base, for which the Germans added dispersal areas, taxi tracks and asphalt roads. Just before the arrival of the Allies in 1944, the Germans destroyed their remaining equipment, which had already been hard hit because of Allied bombing.

Unstable Mabel was part of a huge bombing strategy in which 94 bombers were assigned to carry to multiple targets, some 181,850 tonnes of bombs (this works out to 3870lb or bombs per aircraft in short tonnes and 4333lb per aircraft in long tonnes.)

The normal mission profile would be to gain high altitude for a long-range mission. This used up fuel and further fuel was needed to maintain airspeed in the thin high atmosphere. You can imagine the roar of the engines and the shaking of the fuselage, as minute by tense minute these brave men pursued their mission.

B-24 airplane suitable for long, over-water missions: Source USAAF Air Museum

After perhaps five or six-hours flying time, Unstable Mabel reached the Cognac area, a journey of some 1,000 miles from RAF Hethel, and bombed its airfield target.

Having bombed his primary, then Captain Ellis decided to go for a target of opportunity – the Nazi submarine pens on the French coast at La Rochelle, some 50 miles to the north west of Cognac. La Rochelle is a major seaport and capital of Charente-Maritime and contained the la Pallice Nazi wolfpack submarine base in massive concrete housings.

La Pallice Wolfpack Installation La Rochelle: Source Wikimedia Commons

The aircraft turned, flew on for maybe 20 minutes and having dropped all its bombs near Cognac and La Rochelle, Unstable Mabel turned for home – yet taking a direct bearing on RAF Hethel would be a risky thing because of German air activity over France.

Unstable Mabel had to fly back for another five or six hours. But this time it was lighter with no bombs so made faster progress until it hit fuel problems.

Nevertheless, Unstable Mabel with her crew of ten made it to the edge of the English Channel, but either the fuel flow from the Tokyo Tanks became totally restricted or the whole fuel tanks system was almost empty. Then running out of fuel, not surprisingly, considering its massive mission, the aircraft descended and then – according to some eyewitnesses, burst into flames.

Captain Ellis gave the order to the crew to bale out over the coast of England at Pebsham (a parachute pack has been found on a house roof), but he heroically stayed with the aircraft.

Cockpit of the Consolidated B-24D Liberator “Strawberry Bitch.” (U.S. Air Force photo)

Coming much lower, he avoided striking the railway aqueduct. Then looking round over Pebsham, using only the light of the moon in its waxing crescent and the downward glare of the fire from his burning aircraft, he sought a possible landing ground – a dark patch of ground, maybe glistening with recent rain. He lined up parallel to the blacked-out houses of Bexhill Road. He could see that the Tier 2 fence line would impact with the aircraft if he chose the rough ground to the north of Bulverhythe Recreation Ground, so he alone put the aircraft down on the rain-soaked and frequently flooded Bulverhythe Recreation Ground, in the dark of the winter evening – the sun having set on 31 st December at 16.02 hours.

The burning airframe slewed across the grass, struck the sports pavilion, totally destroying it down to the foundation brickwork, then shot across the drainage ditch at the back of the houses on Bexhill Road and landed up in the gardens of three houses, destroying some property including a greenhouse. Captain Ellis and his crew all survived. Unstable Mabel burned.

Then the bureaucracy of wartime Britain took over. The assessment of damage did not take place until 13 th May 1944, some five months later – understandable in this dreadful war. D. W. Jackson of The Borough of Hastings, Town Clerk’s Department logged the damage in the Register of Damage to Property Directly Consequent upon Bombardment or Attack from the Air – Folder BDR 24 Report 117A states:

󈬏 st December 1943 Bulverhythe Recreation Ground, Bexhill Road – USA Bomber Impact.”

It has not missed my notice that ‘Bulverhythe’ means ‘the landing place of the people’. It was once the harbour of the ancient Saxon settlement of Bullington, mentioned in the Domesday Book.

The 389th Bomb Group flew its last combat mission late in April 1945. It returned to Charleston AAF, South Carolina on 30 May 1945 and was inactivated on 13 September 1945.

Brave Liberator-24 pilot Frank Wilby Ellis Jr. earned many medals:

  • Air Force Longevity Service Award with 3 oak leaf clusters
  • Air Medal with 3 oak leaf clusters
  • American Campaign Medal
  • American Defence Medal
  • Distinguished Flying Cross with 1 oak leaf cluster
  • European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
  • National Defence Service Medal
  • World War II Victory Medal

He was eventually promoted to Lieutenant Colonel.

In a deeply sad incident, he was killed in crash of TB-47B “Stratojet” #50-0076 on 18 December 1957 while serving as its pilot. Also killed were Maj. Thomas M. Esmond (Aircraft Commander) and Capt. Frank F. Harradine (Flight Surgeon).

The Stratojet pilot, Colonel Ellis was trying to land in thick fog at March Air Force Base near the Mount Palomar Giant Telescope in California. However, it veered and struck the mountain and exploded.

Stratojet using rocket assisted take-off: Source: USAF Air Library

In this Liberator-24 crash at Bulverhythe, it was a miracle that no-one was killed. The exceptional determination of Captain Ellis to save his crew and then to try and save his aircraft reveals exemplary courage.

UNRESOLVED MATTERS

The following aspects of this incident need to be resolved:

1. The bomb load and fuel upload are all estimates based on typical Liberator operations and need further clarification to ensure accurate historical records.

2. It is not clear if the submarine pens were a target of opportunity or a planned secondary target, so the logbook is needed. I have written to the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom to ask for help in finding the logbook.

3. Possible espionage. Although using Occam’s Razor, it would make sense to assume that there were 10 crew members, all of whom survived, some Liberators did have 11 crew spaces due to having 4 waist gunner spaces. Also some Liberators carried ‘Joe’ and ‘Jane’ spies to drop into France. There is a very outside chance that:

A spy who did not drop over France then was lost from the Liberator over Pebsham and the matter was covered up. However, the parachute pack was almost certainly ‘dumped’ to save weight in our opinion. Once again, the logbook would resolve this matter.

To learn about how the Liberator 24D bombers were used in espionage – go here:

4. What exactly did Captain Ellis write in his logbook to detail the remarkable escape he and his crew had in this crash?

5. Although we can see a note in the Liberator mission records saying ‘10RTD’ (ten returned to duty), because Bexhill Hospital wartime records are no longer extant, we cannot find out if any crew members were injured in the crash or if anyone died later from wounds. Help by US authorities is needed here to check with crew relatives.

6. How was the airframe removed from the crash site, was any of it preserved elsewhere, or were part of it recycled to other airframes?

7. Is part of the undercarriage still in the water-filled ditch? The crash site is on a flood plain in a naturally winter-flooded valley.

8. Was the waterlogged nature of the recreation ground so wet that the quarter moon reflection enabled the pilot to see the ground despite the national blackout regulations? The weather records for the area in 1943 show that it had rained several times in December 1943, including one day of 28mm on the 19 th December. Since the water table rises in winter on this flood plain, the ground is often totally flooded or saturated.

9. How did the remaining 9 (or 10) crew get rescued after they para-dropped from the burning aircraft? Did they walk to a police station or were they found and helped by the local population and air raid wardens?

10. How (and when) did the crew get back to RAF Hethel?

11. Exact state of Bulverhythe Recreation Ground at the time of crash landing? Here are some photos showing photos of the varying water levels on this natural flood plain of the Combe Haven in a winter-flooded valley.

If you have any information about this air crash or the pilot, please email me at:

EVIDENCE AVAILABLE

Picture of the nose cone end of Unstable Mable with naked woman illustration.

Photo examples of Liberators.

4. The Hastings Borough Council signed damage report documents for the crash of an ‘American Bomber’ on Bulverhythe Recreation Ground on 31 st December 1943.

5. Certification acceptance of the key facts and emails from and to:

Tom Fullam, Library and Information Assistant

Second Air Division Memorial Library

Second Air Division Memorial Library, The Forum, Norwich, NR2 1AW

6. Email conversations with Imperial War Museum and Air Museum Duxford.

7. Advice on the law and preservation of air crash wrecks: Sussex Police PCSO Daryl Holter, Sussex Police Heritage Officer.

8. UK Ministry of Defence MOD War Detectives – the Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre Commemorations Team: JCCC
Innsworth House
Imjin Barracks
Gloucester
GL3 1HW

Legal Aspects

The aircraft crashed at what is now part of Combe Valley Countryside Park, land owned by Hastings Borough Council, which they call ‘Tier 1’.

I have applied to MOD for permission to excavate the site because I think some parts of the airframe may be in a water-filled ditch which runs at the back of the three houses affected by the crash. Accordingly, the Ministry of Defence has specified me as the ‘named person’ for this crash excavation application in accordance with the Protection of Military Remains Act (1986). .

Key Importance of Conservation and Commemoration:

As English Heritage and Historic England both state: ‘The majority of aircraft losses in the 20th century have been related to military activity, and therefore they are automatically protected under the Protection of Military Remains Act (1986). Therefore, the records of aircraft crash sites across the Study Area are of interest although the records appear to indicate Recorded Losses rather than known remains on the seabed, if these aircraft were to be found they would be of high importance.

Non-designated aircraft crash sites are also important, because they provide a tangible reminder of the development of the aviation industry in the UK throughout the 20th century. Because aircraft crash sites belong to recent history, they can also have significance survivors and relatives may exist, and the sites can be important for remembrance and commemoration. Aircraft crash sites also have importance through their cultural value as historic artefacts and for the information they contain about the aircraft itself and its circumstances of loss (English Heritage 2002a Wessex Archaeology 2008b). These can be considered important for remembrance and commemoration.’

You can also read about the importance of the site here

I am a Trustee of the national charity called Friends of Combe Valley and I am also fundraiser, historian and warden co-ordinator for Combe Valley.

Teşekkür

I would like to acknowledge with thanks the great help of Alexis Markwick of Bexhill Museum support team, David Hatherell, air historian, Tom Fullam at the USAAF Air Library, Norwich and Sussex Police Heritage Officer Daryl Holter – and my dear wife Margaret for putting up with me while I researched it all.

David E P Dennis LCGI RAF

Copyright 2020 All photographs are mine except where stated under the image.

If any errors have been made in Copyright attribution, please let me know and they will be immediately corrected.


Videoyu izle: Gökyüzünde LuftWaffe ile çarpışmak, WW2 arşiv görüntüleri (Aralık 2022).

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